|Mandalay, in the heart of Myanmar, offers the opportunity to do several day trips to visit the many attractions all around, so I board a boat bound for Mingun, a village which lies on the opposite bank of the Irrawaddi river.|
|Photos of Irrawaddi river. With its 2170 kilometers of lenght, Irrawaddi is the largest river of Myanmar and is also an important way of communication. The navigation between Mingun and Mandalay takes about 45 minutes and shortly before arrival, what looks to be just an hill with steep sides, are instead the ruins of Pahtodawgyi, a temple that was never completed and heavily damaged by an earthquake in 1839.|
|The ruins of one of the two giant lion statues in front of the temple of Pahtodawgyi almost completely destroyed by an earthquake.|
|Photos of Mingun. The construction of Pahtodawgyi temple began in 1790, but the work was suspended once the structure reached the impressive height of 50 meters (one-third of the overall target height). Inside the temple there is just a very small shrine displaying an image of Buddha, where pilgrims come to pray.|
|Picture showing the serious damages caused to Pahtodawgyi temple after an earthquake happened in 1839.|
|Where is the biggest bell in the world? The temple of Pahtodawgyi was supposed to host this huge bronze bell, known as Mingun Bell, which, with its outer diameter of 4.95 meters and a weight of over 90 tonnes, is considered to be the world's biggest bell.
|The tour to Mingun continues visiting Hsinbyume Paya, also known as Myatheindan Pagoda.|
|The architecture of the Myatheindan pagoda is quite different from that of the other temples in Burma: the facade is painted entirely in white, while the structure has a series of concentric terraces from which you can enjoy beautiful views of the surrounding hills.|
|The sanctuary in the temple of Myatheindan, where the faithful come to pray.|
|Once back in Mandalay by late morning, I visit the Royal Palace (Mandalay Palace) protected by a massive fortification.|
|The complex of Mandalay Royal Palace dates back to the 19th century and was the residence of King Mindon and Thibaw during the period of the Burmese monarchy. The whole structure looks like a miniature Forbidden City in Beijing.|
|The interior rooms of the Royal Palace in Mandalay, decorated with glass and mirrors.|
|The external façade of the Royal Palace of Mandalay, also decorated with glass and mirrors.
|In the royal palace there is also a small museum housing a copy of handicrafts owned by the king family.|
|The tour in Mandalay continues visiting the picturesque U Bein Bridge which, with its length of 1.2 kilometers, crosses the waters of Taungthaman lake, thus connecting some villages on the outskirts of the city. The bridge was built during the middle of the 19th century and is known as the oldest and longest teak bridge in the world (many of the side pillars are still original).|
|Crossing the U Bein Bridge tourists can enjoy beautiful views of Taungthaman lake, where locals are busy in fishing or in accompanying visitors and residents in small canoes.
|Mandalay is a city of traditional handicrafts, where much of the production is still done by hand in small family run business. In these photos, the weaving of silk.|
|Mandalay and Myanmar in general, are places known for the art of inlaid wood. There are many small companies that produce wooden objects as souvenirs for tourists or manufactured to be exported across the world.|
|A common art in Myanmar is pearls mosaic painting. Works of art such as the ones in these photos, may require 2-3 weeks of work and can cost up to US$200.|
|Instead, along the street where sculptors live, there are many small companies busy in manufacturing stone or marble statues, mostly of Buddha.|
|But the real "gem" of Mandalay arts & crafts is the production of gold leaf which is done still manually. On the left picture, a worker is hammering on a sandwich of bamboo wood and bamboo leaf, that contains a very small piece of gold. After hundreds of hits by such heavy hammer, the result is a very thin foil of gold (above picture, showing the gold leaf at different stage of work) later used to laminate any type of object.
|The golden leaf, once produced, are applied on a robust bamboo paper particularly smooth and resistant, which preserves the their integrity and which allows them to remain separated when stacked (left picture). The gold leaf are then sold for example to the artists, who will use them to decorate the works produced (right picture).|
|In other cases, the gold leaf are bought in temples and monasteries, to be sold to faithful who will stick them to statues and other relics while praying.|
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